‘Asylum’ is a state of refuge, granting protection from any immediate harm. In modern times, it relates mainly to a person being granted refuge by a country, which protects that person from dangers posed in their home country.
A ‘refugee’ is someone who meets the definition under Article 1A(2) of the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (‘Refugee Convention’). They are a person who is outside their country of nationality, and has a well-founded fear of persecution on one of the expressed grounds; race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion. These five grounds are sometimes called the “Convention grounds”.
An ‘asylum seeker’ is someone who is seeking to be recognised as a refugee, but whose claim hasn’t yet been processed.
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